Advantages of Incineration as a Kind of Waste Management Incineration is the process of waste management which involves the combustion of waste. Incineration transforms the waste into heat, ash and flue gas. The procedure has become among the most utilized waste disposal mechanisms and has replaced waste disposal through landfills. The heat generated from incineration can be harnessed to generate electricity by use of WtE-Waste-to-energy technologies. This process has become prevalent in most municipal waste management. There are many advantages which may be gotten out of incineration as a form of waste management compared to other waste management methods. Saves on Transportation costs Due to its safety, incineration plants can be situated near or in towns. In this case therefore, the price of having to transport the waste for many miles outside the town is removed. Waste control through landfills demands that the waste be transported to these websites and most of them are often located away from the city which makes it very pricey. However incineration cuts on such transportation costs and the money saved can be used to run other important projects.
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Incineration can burn approximately 90% of the waste generated in a given area. This makes incineration the most reliable and benign form of waste management. Other waste management kinds such as landfills facilitate only the decomposition of organic waste while it keeps nonorganic waste piling. Occupies Less Space Incineration plants occupy a tiny area. Incineration reduces the volume of initial waste to almost 10%. Incineration is especially important in urban cities where there is scarcity of land. As opposed to landfills where people have to look for new zones every time one is full, incineration sites are built only ones and can be used over and over again. Generation of Electricity The heat generated during the incineration of waste can be Harnessed through the use of waste-to-energy technologies to produce electricity. This energy can be used to cater for energy needs of the people living nearby. The energy produced is very clean and can be used to replace or reduce the use of fossil fuels thus saving on the emission of harmful gases to the environment. Effective Under Any Weather Conditions Incinerators do not have some favorable weather conditions. They are created in a way they’re operated in whatever climate conditions that may prevail unlike landfills which could be affected by rainy season since the waste transportation vehicles may get stuck. No Pollution The gases generated through incineration aren’t poisonous to the environment. Also incineration does not contaminate groundwater as landfills do. It also averts environmental hazards that can be caused by other waste management methods such as deep sea dumping which might destroy aqua life. Produces Odor Free Residue The bottom ash residue produced following incineration is proven to be non-hazardous and is odor free. The residue can be recycled and Used as a construction aggregate.